The Gothic Age Introduction The Gothic Age
As the third year that followed the year on thousand grew near, there Was to be seen over almost all the earth, but especially in Italy and in Gaul, a Great renewal of church buildings; each Christian community was driven by a Spirit of rivalry to have a more glorious church than the others. It was as if The world had shaken itself, and casting off its old garments, had dressed Itself again in every part in a white robe of churches. Raoul Glaber, Historia, c.1003 The Gothic Age (c. AD 1130-1530) marked the end to an age of chaos, Primarily caused by the sacking and pillaging of the Vikings.
After the great Minds of Western Europe were freed from using their vast knowledge to defend Against invaders or plagues, they now had the time and the resources needed to Design any and everything in this era from bridges to city walls and castles to Cathedrals. This was also a very religious age, with plenty of money being Pumped into the Church, some from the crusades, with all of its included Looting, and a lot more from all of the tithes all of the people who were born In the population explosion gave faithfully. Another even bigger source of Income for the Church came to it in the shape of power and prestige, when the Power of the church peaked in AD 1277. Not only was this a good time for the Church, but this was also a very Good time for all of humanity. The standard of living dramatically rose, and Along with it, the population of Western Europe shot up. In 1346, the estimated Population of Europe was fifty-four point four million just before the plague Hit and wiped out more than a third of the population.1 2 This was more than Twice the population of Europeans in the year 950 when it was 22,600,0003 . While the population was exploding there were so many new cathedrals Built that in the relatively short time period of two hundred and fifty years, There was more stone quarried to be used in cathedrals (several million tons) Than was quarried during the age of the pyramids in Egypt, where there are Pyramids that are over two hundred and fifty million cubic meters big.4 The Gothic age survived many crusades, a plague that didn¹t leave Europe Until the late 18th century, and many other horrible atrocities. Following this Great age, there was a period without the great accomplishments as in this age, Since everyone was just happy using what their forefathers had done. If not for This age, we would today be without many of our modern conveniences, so I firmly Believe that this age was essential to modern day living. Body of Knowledge Gothic Architecture Anyone who has ever walked into a true Gothic cathedral knows how much Of an impact one can have on a person. The sheer magnificence of it will shut Even the noisiest of tourists up. One can only imagine the impact seeing such a Place would have on a person who has never had the opportunity to see one of the Great wonders of the modern world, such as a skyscraper. The name alone is Enough to bring visions of grandeur, or Las Vegas, a place known for its flashy Style and glitz. Just think what a person who has never seen either one of These places, or any place anything like it, would think when they saw a choir With a roof so high a fourteen story building could fit in there* and not even Touch the rafters.5 And Imagine what you would think of a stadium that was so Large it could hold one million people (the largest one today holds a «mere» Forty-two thousand people1). This is what Ameins Cathedral was like when it was Built. The entire town of ten thousand people could fit into it all at the same Time to go to the same mass. It had a floor that was seven thousand, seven Hundred square meters. New Ideas in the Cathedral that Reflected Christianity There were many aspects about Gothic cathedrals that reflected the then Modern-day ways of life, such as how a common belief in those times was that the Closer you were to God, the holier you were. The architects would build huge Spires and high ceilings which would make the building look absolutely massive. Another clever technique of the time was to create picture stories on the Windows with stained glass since the vast majority of the people couldn¹t read Or write to help the common folk learn the Bible without having someone read it To them. - Walls The walls in a Gothic cathedral were way ahead of the walls in the style That preceded Gothic, Romanesque. The walls in Gothic were thin and had a lot Of stained glass in them, not to mention the fact that the new style was a lot Higher.
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Architecture – Gothic Influence The church in the Middle Ages was a place that all people, regardless of class, could belong to. As a source of unity, its influence on art and architecture was great during this time. As society drew away from the feudal system of the Romanesque period, a new spirit of human individualism began to take Architecture – Gothic Cathedrals Tracery - In architecture, branching, ornamental stonework, generally in a window, where it supports the glass. Tracery is particularly characteristic of Gothic architecture. Example: The tracery in a rose window of Washington Cathedral, Washington, DC. This graphic displays four different photos-- they amount to a zoom into the tracery. Also see fenestration, foil, quatrefoil, and St. Marks vs. Notre Dame St. Mark's Cathedral, built in 829AD, contains a plethora of different architectural and sculptural influences from throughout the centuries. Although it was built in the Byzantine era its style is rooted in the traditions of the Roman Empire (Demus). St. Mark's giant vaulted ceiling contains five large timber frame domes which each rest on a Acceptance Essays – Roman Roman
Romanesque - Gothic 50 Minutes/ Rating 9 The difference between Gothic and Romanesque architecture is the spiritual approach. In Romanesque the emphasis was on transcendental and feudalistic systems whereas in the Gothic this approach was humanized and individualized. The Gothic architecture emphasized upward movement towards god, a feeling that cannot be found in a Romanesque Durham cathedral Standing on a cliff overlooking the River Wear in England, Durham Cathedral began construction in 1093 A. D. and was finally completed in 1133. It was intentionally built just to the south of Durham Castle, so that the two buildings together would present a formidable defensive position against attacks from the north. Because of the
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