Chemical Warfare and Terrorism
Throughout history scientific advances have been both a means of helping and destroying society. In all of the three major scientific disciplines weapons of mass destruction have been created. In physics nuclear weapons were created, in biology viruses were created and turned into weapons, and in chemistry elements were mixed together to create poisonous gases and toxins. In modern times the most widespread uses of these types of weapons have been with chemical weapons because they are the cheapest and easiest to produce. The first large-scale usage of chemical weapons came during World War I, forty years later the Nazis used cyanide gas during WWII against Jews. The United States used Agent Orange against the Vietnamese, and later in the 1980’s the Iraqis gassed the Iranians and Kurds. In 1995 a religious cult let off a chemical bomb in a Tokyo subway, and currently the biggest fear of chemical weapons is from the possibility of their use in a terrorist attack.
There are a few different types of chemical weapons. The most dangerous type of chemical weapons are nerve agents that can cause death in seconds and are odorless and tasteless. Nerve agents disrupt the functions of the nervous systems and shut down all vital body functions. The most common type are blistering agents which were commonly used in WWI and cause most organic tissue that comes in contact with the chemical to burn and blister. Other types include choking agents, blood agents, and toxins.
Although some chemical weapons were developed as early as 1855 the first time they were used in battle to deliberately kill soldiers was during World War I. In 1915 the Germans launched their first chemical attack against the British. By 1918 at the end of the war almost a million people had been killed or injured by poisonous gases. The most common type of chemical weapon was mustard gas that was put on shells, which were fired at the enemy. Mustard gas is considered a blistering agent because it burns any part of the skin, lungs, or eyes that it comes in contact with.
After the horrors of gas attacks in WWI the allies and axis powers refrained from using any chemical weapons during battle. During this same time, however, the largest genocide in the history of the world was taking place with the use of chemical agents. The Nazis used chemical pesticides to kill millions of Jews in gas chambers in concentration camps.
During the Vietnam War the United States developed a chemical called Agent Orange, which they classified as a defoliant. Agent Orange was dropped on large patches of forest where it would quickly kill all the plants and foliage in the area making the enemy more visible. At the time the United States said it was fairly safe for humans but many people who were in areas where Agent Orange was dropped have developed certain cancers and other diseases that are now attributed to the chemical.
In Nixon’s term of office he passed a declaration forbidding the development and use of chemical weapons in the United States and many countries passed similar declarations. For a time it seemed as though the fears of chemical weapons had faded but in the Middle East Iraq was developing chemical weapons for its war against Iran. Iraq used both older mustard gas type chemical and newer nerve gases for attacks on Iran and also on Kurdish populations living in Iraq. Some people have also speculated that Iraq used chemical weapons on the United States during the Gulf War but these allegations have never been proven.
The first terrorist attack with the use of chemical weapons occurred in March of 1995 when a nerve gas releasing bomb was found on the busy Tokyo subway. It was found that the package contained a diluted form of Sarin, a deadly chemical nerve agent. The subway attack was perpetrated by members of a doomsday cult called Aum Shinrikyo. The attacked killed 5 people and affected almost 5,000 others.
In the wake of the September 11th attack on the World Trade Center there have been heightened fears of possible chemical or biological terrorist attacks by Osama bin Laden. Chemical and biological weapons are called the “poor man’s nukes” because they could have as much destructive force as a nuclear weapon but are much easier and cheaper to produce which makes they very attractive to terrorists. A large scale attack on a huge metropolitan city such as New York could possibly kill millions of people. In response to these threats the government is spending billions of dollars to prevent terrorist from getting the chemicals needed to create weapons of mass destructions and training emergency personnel to deal with possible chemical or biological attacks.
Please do not pass this sample essay as your own, otherwise you will be accused of plagiarism. Our writers can write any custom essay for you!
Biology and Chemical Warfare Research Essay Chemical and Biological Warfare, use of harmful or deadly chemical or biological agents as weapons of war. These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction. Chemical weapons are made up of poisonous chemical compounds, whereas biological weapons are living microorganisms. Toxin weapons contain poisonous chemical products of living organisms and Chemical and Biological Weapons Chemical and biological weapons are the most dangerous threats that our soldiers face today. But just how much do most of us know about them? The American public had been bombarded by stories of how our government keeps secret weapons, does secret experiments, and the everlasting conspiracies. And many accept it all. Rather than simply Gulf war Every one of us has heard of the Gulf War. What is happening in the Arab Gulf. In Iraq particularly, is an international problem, which is not solved till now. Many solutions had been given; however, not any proved to be efficient. The first step in the Gulf War is the invasion of Kuwait by Book Review: The New Terrorism By Walter Laqueur Sample essay topic, essay writing: Book Review: The New Terrorism By Walter Laqueur - 755 words
16 April 2002THE NEW TERRORISM BY WALTER LAQUEURWalter Laqueur's book, "The New Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destruction", is empowering readers with the entire spectrum of terrorism. The reasons behind terrorism are not easy to understand, but Laqueur War And Bush Sample essay topic, essay writing: War And Bush - 1407 words
War and Bush War has taken place all over the world. It is brutal at times even necessary, and the United States of America has seen its own share of wars. Since September 11, 2012 , the President of the United States has launched a
Need Book Reports, essays, lectures? Save to bookmarks - » Chemical Warfare and Terrorism. Collections of essays on literature!