Biography of Kim Il Sung
He was born on April 15, 1912, Pyongyang, to a poor family. His family, a most patriotic and revolutionary one, was in the best of the people's fight for many generations, from the beginning of the modern revolutionary movement of the Korean people for the independence of the country, the
freedom and liberation of the people and for the victory of the noble revolutionary best of the working class. He grew up, receiving his revolutionary education at home and acquiring a revolutionary outlook on the world through study and revolutionary practice; he became a prominent revolutionary.
During his Yuwen Middle School days in Jilin from 1927 to 1929, he rallied young students around revolutionary organizations, educated and trained them through struggles against the Japanese imperialists and reactionary warlords. He led the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle centering on armed struggle to victory, and achieved national liberation on August 15, 1945. The anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle he trained a strong revolutionary force. He accomplished the cause of founding the party by forming the Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea on October 10, 1945 and following this, he organized different mass organizations, including the General Federation of Trade Unions of North Korea, thus rallying broad sections of the people closely behind the Party.
He effected the agrarian reform, nationalization of industries and other democratic reforms and thus victoriously carried out the tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution in the northern half of Korea in a short space of time. He organized the People's Committee of North Korea, the first government of proletarian dictatorship in Korea, in February 1947, and was elected chairman.
He gave intelligent leadership to the movement of agricultural cooperation and the socialist transformation of the urban handicraft and capitalist industries and trade, and established the socialist system in the northern half of the country. He defined the ideological, technical and cultural revolutions as the main content of the revolution to be carried out in socialist society after establishment of the socialist system and as the task of the revolution which must be continued until communism has become a reality. I think he pressed ahead with all three revolutions.
The comprehend the ideas and theories on the essence of the socialist rural question, the basic principle of solving it successfully and the regional base of socialist rural construction.
He raised national reunification as the supreme task of the nation when the country was divided because of the US imperialist occupation of South Korea and, ever since, he has wisely organized and guided the struggle to implement it.
He specified independence, friendship and peace as the basic ideas of the external policy of the Workers' Party of Korea and the Government of the Republic and has been wisely leading external activities to implement the policy to the letter. He greatly contributed to developing and enriching the revolutionary idea of the working class by his tireless ideological and theoretical activities during the whole course of his leadership of the revolution and construction.
Although he passed away, the great idea he implanted in our minds is enshrined in our hearts. I believe that, as he said, we have to build a community of affection, a community based on comradeship and a sense of obligation. At the age of 82, Kim Il sung died.
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