Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness
Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains repressed By society. Often this evil side breaks out during times of isolation from our Culture, and whenever one culture confronts another. History is loaded with Examples of atrocities that have occurred when one culture comes into contact With another. Whenever fundamentally different cultures meet, there is often a Fear of contamination and loss of self that leads us to discover more about our True selves, often causing perceived madness by those who have yet to discover.
The Puritans left Europe in hopes of finding a new world to welcome them and Their beliefs. What they found was a vast new world, loaded with Indian cultures New to them. This overwhelming cultural interaction caused some Puritans to go Mad and try to purge themselves of a perceived evil. This came to be known as The Salem witch trials.. During World War II, Germany made an attempt to overrun Europe. What happened When the Nazis came into power and persecuted the Jews in Germany, Austria and Poland is well known as the Holocaust. Here, humanís evil side provides one of The scariest occurrences of this century. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi counterparts Conducted raids of the ghettos to locate and often exterminate any Jews they Found.
Although Jews are the most widely known victims of the Holocaust, they Were not the only targets. When the war ended, 6 million Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Communists, and others targeted by the Nazis, Had died in the Holocaust. Most of these deaths occurred in gas chambers and Mass shootings. This gruesome attack was motivated mainly by the fear of Cultural intermixing which would impurify the «Master Race.». Joseph Conradís
book, The Heart of Darkness and Francis Coppolaís movie, Apocalypse Now are both stories about Manís journey into his self, and the Discoveries to be made there. They are also about Man confronting his fears of Failure, insanity, death, and cultural contamination.. During Marlowís mission to find Kurtz, he is also trying to find himself. He, Like Kurtz had good intentions upon entering the Congo. Conrad tries to show us That Marlow is what Kurtz had been, and Kurtz is what Marlow could become. Every Human has a little of Marlow and Kurtz in them. Marlow says about himself, «I Was getting savage (Conrad),» meaning that he was becoming more like Kurtz. Along the trip into the wilderness, they discover their true selves through Contact with savage natives.. As Marlow ventures further up the Congo, he feels like he is traveling back Through time. He sees the unsettled wilderness and can feel the darkness of itís Solitude. Marlow comes across simpler cannibalistic cultures along the banks.
The deeper into the jungle he goes, the more regressive the inhabitants seem.. Kurtz had lived in the Congo, and was separated from his own culture for quite Some time. He had once been considered an honorable man, but the jungle changed Him greatly. Here, secluded from the rest of his own society, he discovered his Evil side and became corrupted by his power and solitude. Marlow tells us about The Ivory that Kurtz kept as his own, and that he had no restraint, and was « a Tree swayed by the wind (Conrad, 209).» Marlow mentions the human heads Displayed on posts that «showed that Mr. Kurtz lacked restraint in the Gratification of his various lusts (Conrad, 220).» Conrad also tells us «hisÖ Nerves went wrong, and caused him to preside at certain midnight dances ending With unspeakable rights, whichÖ were offered up to him (Conrad, 208),» meaning That Kurtz went insane and allowed himself to be worshipped as a god. It appears That while Kurtz had been isolated from his culture, he had become corrupted by This violent native culture, and allowed his evil side to control him. Marlow realizes that only very near the time of death, does a person grasp the Big picture.
He describes Kurtzís last moments «as though a veil had been rent (Conrad, 239).» Kurtzís last «supreme moment of complete knowledge (Conrad, 239),» showed him how horrible the human soul really can be. Marlow can only Speculate as to what Kurtz saw that caused him to exclaim «The horror! The Horror,» but later adds that «Since I peeped over the edge myself, I understand Better the meaning of his stareÖ it was wide enough to embrace the whole Universe, piercing enough to penetrate all the hearts that beat in the darknessÖ He had summed up, he had judged (Conrad, 241).»
Marlow guesses that Kurtz Suddenly knew everything and discovered how horrible the duplicity of man can be. Marlow learned through Kurtzís death, and he now knows that inside every human Is this horrible, evil side.. Francis Coppolaís movie, Apocalypse Now, is based loosely upon Conradís book. Captain Willard is a Marlow who is on a mission into Cambodia during the Vietnam War to find and kill an insane Colonel Kurtz. Coppola's Kurtz, as he experienced His epiphany of horror, was an officer and a sane, successful, brilliant leader. Like Conradís Kurtz, Coppola shows us a man who was once very well respected, But was corrupted by the horror of war and the cultures he met.. Coppola tells us in Hearts of Darkness that Kurtzís major fear is «being white In a non white jungle (Bahr).» The story Kurtz tells Willard about the Special Forces going into a village, inoculating the children for polio and going away, And the communists coming into the village and cutting off all the children's Inoculated arms, is the main evidence for this implication in that film.
This is When Kurtz begins to go mad, he «wept like some grandmother» when, called back By a villager, he saw the pile of little arms, a sophisticated version of the «escalating horrors.» What Kurtz meant by «escalating horrors» is the Vietnamese Armyís senseless decapitation, torture, and the like. Kurtz is facing a new Culture and has a terrible time dealing with it. This was the beginning of his Insanity.. «All America contributed to the making of Colonel Kurtz, just as all Europe Produced Mr. Kurtz. Both Kurtzes are idealized in their function as eyewitnesses To the atrocities. What is reflected is the threat of loss of self, loss of Centrality, and the displacement of Western culture from the perceived center of History by those whom it has enslaved and oppressed (Worthy 24).» This tells us That the evil side and the madness in both Kurtzes was brought out by the fear Of new cultures different from their own, and their inability to deal with this Fear. The disconnection between the opening words of Kurtz's report «By the Simple exercise of our will, we can exert a power for good practically Unbounded» and the note on the last page, «Exterminate all the brutes!» Illustrates the progressive externalization of Kurtz's fear of «contamination,» The personal fear of loss of self which colonialist whites saw in the «uncivilized,» seemingly regressive lifestyle of the natives. Gradually, the Duplicity of man and reality merged for the two Kurtzes, one in the Congo, and One in Vietnam. As this happened, the well defined cultural values Masculine/feminine and self/other that had specific segregated roles, could not Be sustained in the Congo or in Vietnam. «For the Americans in Vietnam, as for The colonialists in Africa, madness is the result of the disintegration of Abstract boundaries held to be absolute (Worthy 24).».
«As it attempts to confront the 'insanity' of the war through Kurtz' s madness, That of the filmmakers, and the madness of U. S. culture, Hearts of Darkness Exposes the contradictions between the inherent hierarchy and inequality within The cultural forces of the United States and official democratic principles, Which led to the perception that it could waste what it viewed as insignificant Little people and preserve its own image in the world. Along with that is the Growing realization, since the Tet Offensive of 1968, that the U. S. was somehow Way off the mark (Worthy 24).» American Culture views it self as «correct», and We see ourselves as powerful police of the world. Our culture looked down upon The Vietnamese because they were more simple than us, just as Europe and Marlow Looked down on the Africans. Believing ourselves to be superior, we had a lot of Trouble dealing with the discovery that we are not.. Coppola makes a point to show us that the Chief of a boat armed to the teeth was Killed by a native in a tree who threw a spear. Not even an «advanced» Navy boat Can defend itself against some «simple» natives armed only with spears.
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Heart Of Darkness And Apocolypse Now : Analysis Of Book&movie Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains repressed by society. Often this evil side breaks out during times of isolation from our culture, and whenever one culture confronts another. Joseph Conrad's book, The Heart of Darkness and Francis Coppola's movie, Apocalypse Now are both Heart of Darkness vs. Apocalypse Now Heart of Darkness, a novel by Joseph Conrad, and Apocalypse Now, a movie by Francis Ford Coppola can be compared and contrasted in many ways. By focusing on their endings and on the character of Kurtz, contrasting the meanings of the horror in each media emerges. In the novel the horror reflects Kurtz tragedy of Analysis of "Heart of Darkness" Conrad's setting of a "night journey" into the Congo becomes an appropriate metaphor. This "Heart of Darkness" that Marlow penetrates of the heart of darkness contained in every man. The insights gained by Marlow into the condition of the human heart are the same insights gained by a careful, thoughtful reader. As Marlow makes his Compare and Contrast Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness Francis Coppola’s Apocalypse Now was inspired by Joseph Conrad’s novel Heart of Darkness that informs the film throughout. A comparison and contrast can be made between the two. Both have the same themes but entirely different settings. Heart of Darkness takes place on the Congo River in the Heart of Africa while Apocalypse Now is Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains repressed By society. Often this evil side breaks out during times of isolation from our Culture, and whenever one culture confronts another. History is loaded with Examples of atrocities that have occurred when one culture comes into contact With another. Whenever fundamentally different