Another Albert Einstein essay
It Was considered too dangerous to be of any practical use.(Schuck p. 87) Although Its explosive power greatly exceeded that of gun powder, the liquid would Explode in a very unpredictable manner if subjected to heat and pressure. Alfred Nobel became very interested in nitroglycerin and how it could be put to Practical use in construction work. He also realized that the safety problems Had to be solved and a method had to be developed for the controlled detonation Of nitroglycerin. In the United States he visited John Ericsson, the Swedish - American engineer who had developed the screw propeller for ships. In 1852, Alfred Nobel was asked to come back and work in the family enterprise which was Booming because of its deliveries to the Russian army. Together with his father He performed experiments to develop nitroglycerin as a commercially and Technically useful explosive. As the war ended and conditions changed, Immanuel Nobel was again forced into bankruptcy. Immanuel and two of his sons, Alfred and Emil, left St. Petersburg together and returned to Stockholm. His other two sons, Robert and Ludvig, remained in St. Petersburg. With some difficulties they Managed to salvage the family enterprise and then went on to develop the oil Industry in the southern part of the Russian empire. They were very successful And became some of the wealthiest persons of their time. (Compton's) After his return to Sweden in 1863, Alfred Nobel concentrated on developing Nitroglycerin as an explosive. Several explosions, including one (1864) in which His brother Emil and several other persons were killed, convinced the Authorities that nitroglycerin production was exceedingly dangerous.
They Forbade further experimentation with nitroglycerin within the Stockholm city Limits and Alfred Nobel had to move his experimentation to a barge anchored on Lake Mälaren. Alfred was not discouraged and in 1864 he was able to start mass Production of nitroglycerin. To make the handling of nitroglycerin safer Alfred Nobel experimented with different additives. He soon found that mixing Nitroglycerin with silica would turn the liquid into a paste which could be Shaped into rods of a size and form suitable for insertion into drilling Holes.(Internet Site) In 1867 he patented this material under the name of Dynamite. To be able to detonate the dynamite rods he also invented a detonator (blasting cap) which could be ignited by lighting a fuse. These inventions were Made at the same time as the diamond drilling crown and the pneumatic drill came Into general use. Together these inventions drastically reduced the cost of Blasting rock, drilling tunnels, building canals and many other forms of Construction work. The market for dynamite and detonating caps grew very Rapidly and Alfred Nobel also proved himself to be a very skillful entrepreneur And business man.
By 1865 his factory in Krümmel near Hamburg, Germany, was exporting Nitroglycerin explosives to other countries in Europe, America and
Australia. Over the years he founded factories and laboratories in some 90 different places In more than 20 countries.(Encarta) Although he lived in Paris much of his life He was constantly traveling. Victor Hugo at one time described him as «Europe's Richest vagabond.» When he was not traveling or engaging in business activities Nobel himself worked intensively in his various laboratories, first in Stockholm And later in Hamburg (Germany), Ardeer (Scotland), Paris (France), Karlskoga (Sweden) and San Remo (Italy). He focused on the development of explosives Technology as well as other chemical inventions, including such materials as Synthetic rubber and leather, artificial silk etc.
By the time of his death in 1896 he had 355 patents.(Compton's) Intensive work and
travel did not leave much time for a private life. At the age Of 43 he was feeling like an old man. At this time he advertised in a newspaper «Wealthy, highly educated elderly gentleman seeks lady of mature age, versed in Languages, as secretary and supervisor of household.» The most qualified Applicant turned out to be an Austrian woman, Countess Bertha Kinsky. After Working for Nobel for about two months she decided to return to Austria to marry Count Arthur on Suture. In spite of this Alfred Nobel and Bertha von Suttner Remained friends and kept writing letters to each other for decades. Over the Years Bertha von Suttner became increasingly critical of the arms race. She Wrote a famous book, titled, «Lay Down Arms» and became a prominent figure in The peace movement. No doubt this influenced Alfred Nobel when he wrote his Final will which was to include a Prize for persons or organizations who Promoted peace. Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian Storting (Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha von Suttner. Alfred Nobel's greatness lay in his ability to combine the penetrating mind of The scientist and inventor with the forward-looking dynamism of the Industrialist. Nobel was very interested in social and peace-related issues and Held what were considered radical views in his era. He had a great interest in Literature and wrote his own poetry and dramatic works.
The Nobel Prizes became An extension and a fulfillment of his lifetime interests. Many of the companies founded by Nobel have developed into industrial Enterprises that still play a prominent role in the world economy, for example Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), Great Britain, Société Centrale de Dynamite, France, and Dyno Industries in Norway. Toward the end of his life, he acquired The company AB Bofors in Karlskoga, where Björkborn Manor became his Swedish Home. Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy, on December 10, 1896. When his will was Opened it came as a surprise that his fortune was to be used for Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. The executors Of his will were two young engineers, Ragnar Sohlman and Rudolf Lilljequist. They set about forming the Nobel Foundation as an organization to take care of The financial assets left by Nobel for this purpose and to coordinate the work Of the Prize-Awarding Institutions. This was not without its difficulties since The will was contested by relatives and questioned by authorities in various Countries. But as we all know, the legacy of Alfred Nobel lives on today.
The prizes named After him are still the most coveted prizes for the recipients in their Respective fields. Everyone will remember Alfred Nobel as a daring pioneer who Knew no limits. Many of the new advanced scientific discoveries made in the last century were Surely helped out by the work of Nobel. His Nobel prizes reward people of Science and enable them to keep churning out new ways of accomplishing new feats That have never been attempted before
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Albert Einstein – Relativity and the Cosmos In November of 1919, at the age of 40, Albert Einstein became an overnight celebrity, thanks to a solar eclipse. An experiment had confirmed that light rays from distant stars were deflected by the gravity of the sun in just the amount he had predicted in his theory of gravity, General Relativity. General Relativity was Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden on October 21, 1833.(Encarta) His father Immanuel Nobel was an engineer and inventor who built bridges and buildings in Stockholm. In connection with his construction work Immanuel Nobel also experimented with different techniques of blasting rock. Alfred's mother, Andrietta Ahlsell came from a wealthy family. Due to misfortunes Albert Einstein Sample essay topic, essay writing: Albert Einstein - 615 words
Albert EinsteinMarch 14 1879 - April 18 1955 Born Ulm, Germany. Died Princeton, USA. Albert Einstein was a very famous Scientist, he was mostly famous for histheory of Relativity. In 1894 Einstein's family moved to Milan and Einsteindecided officially to relinquish his German citizenship in favor Albert Einstein March 14 1879 – April 18 1955 Albert Einstein was a very famous Scientist, he was mostly famous for his Theory of Relativity. In 1894 Einstein's family moved to Milan and Einstein Decided officially to relinquish his German citizenship in favor of Swiss. In 1895 Einstein failed an examination that would have allowed him to study for A diploma as an electrical Biographies – Albert Eienstein The German-American physicist Albert EinsteiN, contributed more than any other scientist to the 20th-century. Born in the town of Ulm, Germany, Mar. 14, 1879, HE then later died in Princeton, N. J., Apr. 18, 1955. In the wake of World War I, Einstein's theories, especially his theory of relativity, seemed to many people to point
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