Adolescence and Delinquency
I couldn't begin to cover all the possible reasons that may cause an Adolescent to become a juvenile delinquent. During my research, I found That the term juvenile delinquency is defined a number of ways. Mosby's Medical Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary summed up juvenile delinquency Best with this definition; resistant antisocial, illegal, or criminal Behavior by children or adolescents to the degree that it cannot be Controlled or corrected by the parents, endangers others in the community, And becomes the concern of a law enforcement agency(1994). I found that most theories about what causes delinquency in children and Adolescents originate with families and parenting.
Many statistics and Studies have been conducted comparing the number of youths that had chosen a Delinquent life style, with single parent households, or parents who were Drug and alcohol dependant. It is my belief that three out of four parenting Styles that we have studied in our text, when taken to extremes, can be just As damaging to an adolescent as a parent suffering from drug or alcohol Addiction. Parents who exhibit an indifferent parenting style send the worst Possible message to their children. When permissiveness is accompanied by High hostility, the child feels free to give rein to his most destructive Impulses(Craig, 1996, p.316). And where exactly in the question of Causation does nature Vs nurture fit in. What about the child who seemingly Has balanced, consistent authoritative parents, and still chooses a Delinquent lifestyle. I'm going to address some of these issues in the pages to follow, beginning With an external factor that may influence some of our younger children; TV. The impact of television violence has been debated since TV first arrived In America. According to a study highlighted in US News and World Report, The more violent TV programs children watch, the more likely they are to Commit violent crimes. The greatest impact is on pre-adolescent children Who do not yet have the capacity to gauge what is real and what is not (Zuckerman, Aug. 2,1993). The theory states, that combined with a lack of Parenting by plugging children into the TV, these children later in life Will be conditioned to violence, regarding it as exciting, charismatic, and Effective. Opponents of this theory argue the solution to the problem of Television violence may be to reinforce the traditional institutions of Church, family and neighborhood, which provide the moral armor against bad Influences from other sectors of society (Bender @ Leone, 1997,p.57). These Advocates sort of differentiate between good and bad violence on TV. One Example is the popular television show Law and Order, which is divided into Two sections. In each episode is the depiction of a crime, followed by a Trial of the accused. Probably the most controversial focus of juvenile delinquency causation Can be attributed to the breakdown of families, giving rise to a large number Of single parent households. According to Robert L. Maginnis, a link does Exist between single parent families, juvenile delinquency and crime. Children from single-parent families, he argues, are more likely to have Behavior problems because they tend to lack economic security and adequate Time with parents (Maginnis, 1994). Children from single-parent families Are two to three times more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems Than are children in two parent families (Bender, Leone, 1997 p.64). This Report goes on to say these children are more likely to drop out of school, To get pregnant as teenagers, to abuse drugs, and to be in trouble with the Law. Bender and Leone cite a study from the Journal of Research in Crime And Delinquency that reports the most reliable indicator of violent crime in A community is the proportion of fatherless families. Fathers typically Offer economic stability, a role model for boys, greater household security, And reduced stress for mothers. When compared to children from two-parent Families, children from single parent homes are more prone to crime: · They use drugs more heavily and commit more crimes throughout their lives. ·They are more likely to be gang members. ·They make up 70% of juvenile delinquents in state reform institutions. ·They account for 75% of adolescent murders. ·They are 70% more likely to be expelled from school (Bender @ Leone, P.64). Bender and Leone go on to cite a 1991 research review published in The Journal of Marriage and Family saying, growing up in a single-parent Family is linked with increase levels of depression, stress, and aggresssion; A decrease in some indicators for physical health; higher incidence of Needing the services of mental health professionals; and other emotional and Behavioral problems.
Of coarse, with every theory of delinquency causation, there is a counter Theory. Kevin and Karen Wright contend in their Washington DC Brief on Delinquents and Crime, that Not only is data contradictory and inconclusive, The authors contend that much of the research conducted during the 1950's and 60's was flawed by bias against single mothers. What a tangled web we Weave. I was a single parent for ten years. I have no doubt that my sons Are lacking in some ways from experiencing the fullness of a loving Two-parent household. On the other hand, Faith and God were always part of my Modeling, and possibly from his grace my sons were, and are good boys. Theories regarding causation of juvenile delinquency and violence cite Biological factors ranging from inherited personality traits and genetic Defects to biochemical imbalances and brain damage. Some studies indicate That biological factors, including genetics, may predispose a child to commit Violent crimes. Scientists have recently been exploring the role of certain Neurochemicals - particularly serotonin, a brain transmitter that regulates Mood and emotion in triggering violence. Another study claims to have found A dramatic connection between lead poisoning, which can impair brain Function, and juvenile crime (Bender @ Leone, 1997 p.79). Other biological Factors claim undiscovered brain damage early in childhood development can Increase the risk of juvenile delinquency or violence. Head injuries could Damage a part of the brain that helps curb aggressive impulses, or general Impairment of the brains abilities, making it harder for a child to Comprehend societal rules, or to function well in school (Bender @ Leone, 1997. p. 79).
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Juvenile crime One of the biggest problems which the United States is faced with is juvenile crime. The reason experts feel juvenile's commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile's commit crimes. Some risk factors associated with juvenile crime are poverty, repeated exposure Juvenile justice in usa The Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that «sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private Abusive Parents Researchers at the University of Toronto have taken important steps toward Producing a profile of an abusive parent. Prof. Gary Walters and doctoral student Lynn Oldershaw of the Department of Psychology have Developed a system to characterize parents who Physically abuse their children. This could Ultimately allow social service professionals to Identify parents in child Juvenile Stats On Crime Sample essay topic, essay writing: Juvenile Stats On Crime - 600 words
40% of all residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 9% in 1996. 28% of all non-residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 5% in 1996. 29% of all Residential Entry charges Abusive Folks Researchers at the University of Toronto have taken important steps toward producing a profile of an abusive parent. Prof. Gary Walters and doctoral student Lynn Oldershaw of the Department of Psychology have developed a system to characterize parents who physically abuse their children. This could ultimately allow social service professionals to identify parents in child