A Critical Analysis of Tension's In Memorial A. H. H
During the Victorian Period, long held and comfortable religious beliefs Fell under great scrutiny. An early blow to these beliefs came from the Utilitarian, followers of Jeremy Bantam, in the form of a test by reason of many Of the long-standing institutions of England, including the church. When seen Through the eyes of reason, religion became “merely an outmoded superstition” (Ford & Christ 896). If this were not enough for the faithful to contend with, The torch of doubt was soon passed to the scientists. Geologists were Publishing the results of their studies which concluded that the Earth was far Older than the biblical accounts would have it (Ford & Christ 897).
Astronomers Were extending humanity's knowledge of stellar distances, and Natural Historians Such as Charles
Darwin were swiftly building theories of evolution that defied The Old Testament version of creation (Ford & Christ 897). God seemed to be Dissolving before a panicked England's very eyes, replaced by the vision of a Cold, mechanistic universe that cared little for our existence. Alfred, Lord Tennyson was painfully aware of the implications of such a Universe, and he struggled with his own doubts about the existence of God. We Glimpse much of his struggles in the poem In Memorial A. H. H., written in Memory of his deceased friend, Arthur Hallam. The poem seemed to be cathartic For Tennyson, for through its writing he not only found an outlet for his grief Over Hallam's death, but also managed to regain the faith which seemed at times To have abandoned him. Tennyson regained and firmly reestablished his faith Through the formation of the idea that God is reconciled with the mechanistic Universe through a divine plan of evolution, with Hallam as the potential link To a greater race of humans yet to come. In the first of many lyric units, Tennyson's faith in God and Jesus Seems strong. He speaks of “Believing where we cannot prove” (l. 4), and is Sure that God “wilt not leave us in the dust” (l. 9). The increasing threat Posed to religion by science does not worry Tension here, as he believes that Our increasing knowledge of the universe can be reconciled with faith, saying:. “Let knowledge grow from more to more, But more of reverence in us dwell; That mind and soul, according well, May make one music as before” (1. 25-28)..He does anticipate doubt, though, as he asks in advance for God's forgiveness For the “Confusions of a wasted youth” (l. 42). Tennyson here foresees the Difficulties inherent in reconciling God with the cold universe slowly emerging For the notes of scientists. In order to deal with the tasks set before him, Tennyson must first Boldly face the possibility of a world without God. In stanza number three, Sorrow, personified as a woman, whispers these disconcerting possibilities to a Grief-ridden Tennyson, saying, “And all the phantom, Nature, stands-... / A Hollow form with empty hands” (3.9, 12). He questions whether he should “ Embrace” or “crush” Sorrow with all her uncomfortable suggestions.
Tennyson goes on to face an even worse possibility than a lonely Universe, that being the possibility of an existence without meaning. In this View, human life is not eternal, and everything returns to dust forever. God is Like “some wild
poet, when he works / Without a conscience or an aim” (34.7-8). Why even consider such a God, Tennyson asks, and why not end life all the sooner If this vision of God is true (34.9-12)? He answers himself in the next poem, However, as he banishes such a possibility on the evidence that love could never Exist in such a reality. What we consider to be love would actually be only be A two-dimensional sense of “fellowship,” such as animals must feel, out of Boredom or crude sensuality (35.21-24) The many poems which follow fluctuate between faith and doubt. In. Poem fifty-four Tennyson consoles himself with the thought:. “That nothing walks with aimless feet; That not one life shall be destroyed, Or cast as rubbish to the void, When God hat made the pile complete” (54.5-9)..Line nine of poem fifty-four definitely assumes a plan for God's creation, Humanity, and an end goal. In the next two poems, however, he returns to the Doubts which a scientific reading of nature inspires, and reminds himself that Though nature is “So careful of the type” (55.7), she is yet “careless of the Single life” (55.8). This notion of survival of the fittest is extremely Disconcerting to Tennyson. He notices in poem fifty-six the even more alarming Fact that many species have passed into oblivion, and that humans could very Well follow in their footsteps. This is the mechanistic “Nature, red in tooth And claw,” (56.15) whose existence seemed beyond a care of human lives and human Needs. No longer were men God's chosen and beloved, but, on the contrary, they Seemed no more noble than the countless scores of other life which had roamed The planet and passed into extinction. Tennyson writes: “O life as futile, then as frail! O for thy voice to soothe and bless! What hope of answer, or redress? Behind the veil, behind the veil” (56.25-28)..He feels, here, all too well the possibility of our own cosmic insignificance. The one hope that remains for Tennyson lives in the thought that Evolution might actually be God's divine plan for humanity. If we have, in fact, Developed to our present state from a lower form, then who is to say that Development has ceased? Might we not be evolving ever closer to God's image and Divinity itself, leaving behind the “Satyr-shape” (35.22) and ape-like visage of Our ancestors? The fact that we love, as Tennyson mentioned before, separates Us from animals. To support this idea, Tennyson delves into his relationship With Arthur Hallam, a figure linking humanity's present condition to the Superior race yet to come.
In poem sixty-four, Tennyson speaks of Hallam, Describing him with the words:. “And moving up from high to higher, Becomes on Fortune's crowning slope The pillar of a people's hope, The center of a world's desire” (64.13-16)..In subsequent sections, he speaks of the divinity present in Hallam, seeming to Compare him at times even to Jesus, as in poem eighty-four, where he writes, “I See thee sitting crowned with good” (84.5), and, later, in unit eighty-seven, “ ...we saw / The God within him light his face, / And seem to lift the form, and Glow / In azure orbits heavenly-wise' (87.35-37). Hallam, Tennyson suggests, Would have been a link not only between the present race and that which is to Come, but also between a world in turmoil and the God who will restore it to Peace. This notion of the division between chaotic nature and an ordered Divinity is metaphorically expressed through images of the spirit leaving the Body (47.6-7), the body, of course, being the physical entity prone to sickness And weariness, and the spirit as the transcendent aspect which shall someday be Reunited with those in
Heaven (47.9-16). He speaks of the coming of the “thousand years of peace” (106.28), Presumably when the higher race is realized and all institutions have been Reformed for the “common love of good” (106.24). It is not yet time, though, For this race to find fruition. He speaks of Hallam as “The herald of a higher Race” (118.14), suggesting that his friend was merely a glimpse of what is yet To come. Humanity must yet “Move upward, working out the beast, And let the ape And tiger die” (118.27-28). In other words, a nature now brutal and cold, Careless of life, will someday become, “High nature amorous of the good” (109.10-11).
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Biography of Poet Alfred Tennyson Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron 1809-92, English poet. The most famous poet of the Victorian age, he was a profound spokesman for the ideas and values of his times.
Tennyson was the son of an intelligent but unstable clergyman in Lincolnshire. His early literary attempts included a play, The Devil and the Lady, composed at 14, A Critical Analysis Of Tensions In Memorial A. H. H Sample essay topic, essay writing: A Critical Analysis Of Tensions In Memorial A. H. H. - 1556 words
A Critical Analysis of Tension's In Memorial A. H. H. During the Victorian Period, long held and comfortable religious beliefsfell under great scrutiny. An early blow to these beliefs came from theUtilitarian, followers of Jeremy Bantam, in the Alfred Tennyson and His Work Alfred Tennyson was born on August 6th, 1809, at Somersby, Lincolnshire, Fourth of twelve children of George and Elizabeth Tennyson. Tennyson, said to Be the best poet of the Victorian era and his poetry will be discussed in this Essay. Tennyson had a lifelong fear of mental illness, because several men in His family had Tithonus "Tithonus" was written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The poem's setting is the ancient story of Tithonus. Tithonus fell in love with Eos, goddess of the dawn, and asked her for immortality. Unfortunately for Tithonus he did not ask for eternal youth, only eternal life. He, therefore, grows old but never dies while Eos not only Alfred, Lord Tennyson When I began to write I avowed for my principles those of Arthur Hal-lam in his essay upon Tennyson. Tennyson, who had written but his early poems when Hallam wrote, was an example of the school of Keats and Shelley, and Keats and Shelley, unlike Wordsworth, intermixed into their poetry no elements from the general
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